The ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) facilitates the academic recognition of studies abroad. ECTS enables measurement and comparison of the results achieved by the student as well as transferring these results between universities. ECTS credits indicate the workload of study programmes and individual course units.

ECTS is based on the convention that 60 credits measure the workload of a full time student during one academic year. The student workload of a full time study programme in Europe amounts in most cases to 36/40 weeks per year, which implies that one credit stands for 25 to 30 working hours.

The allocation of ECTS credits is based on the official length of a study programme cycle. The total workload necessary to obtain a first cycle degree lasting officially three or four years is expressed as 180 or 240 credits. Student workload in ECTS includes the time spent in attending lectures, seminars, independent study, preparation for and taking of examinations, etc.

Credits are allocated to all educational components of a study programme (such as modules, courses, placements, dissertation work, etc.) and reflect the quantity of work each component requires in relation to the total quantity of work necessary to complete a full year of study in the programme considered. Credits in ECTS can only be obtained after completion of the work required and appropriate assessment of the learning outcomes achieved.

The performance of the student is documented by a local/national grade and - according to good practice - by an ECTS grade. The ECTS grading scale ranks the students on a statistical basis.

Therefore, elaboration of statistical data on student performance is a prerequisite for applying the ECTS grading system. Grades are assigned among students with a pass grade as follows:

 A best 10%
 B next 25%
 C next 30%
 D next 25%
 E next 10%
A distinction is made between the grades FX and F that are used for unsuccessful students. FX means: "fail- some more work required to pass" and F means: "fail - considerable further work required". The inclusion of failure rates in the Transcript of Records is optional.

The regular Course Catalogue of the institution to be published in English for programmes taught in English on the Web. The Course Catalogue must contain the items of the checklist attached to this document, including information for host students from abroad.

The Learning Agreement, to be agreed upon before the student's departure and to be updated immediately when changes occur. A Learning Agreement contains the list of courses to be taken and agreed upon by the student and the responsible academic bodies of the two institutions concerned.

The Transcript of Records, to be issued by the home institution for outgoing students before departure and by the host institution for incoming students at the end of their period of study. A Transcript of Records documents the performance of a student by showing the list of courses taken, the credits gained as well as the local grades and ECTS grades awarded.

The Poznań University of Life Sciences (PULS) uses the following convertion scale: 

PULS grade

ECTS grade

5.0 (bdb) - Very good


 4.5 (db +) – Good plus


 4.0 (db) – Good


 3.5 (dst +) - Satisfactory plus


3.0 (dst) - Satisfactory 


 2.0 (nd) - Fail